Acridotheres tristis

Common Name(s)

Myna, common mynah, Indian myna or Indian mynah




Favoured roosts are in isolated stands of tall trees.


The Common Myna is a member of the starling family. During the breeding season mynas are strongly territorial. However, in autumn and winter they often feed in flocks of up to 20 birds. The voice is a collection of growls and other harsh notes.

Similar Species

It is sometimes confused with the slightly larger (24cm - 29cm) Noisy Miner, Manorina melanocephala. Although, both have similar names, the Noisy Miner is actually a native honeyeater. Both have yellow bills, legs and bare eye skin, but the Common Myna is brown with a black head. In flight it shows large white wing patches. The Noisy Miner is mostly grey.

Threat To Plants

Mynas prey on feral pigeon eggs and nestlings, Silver and Southern Black-backed or Kelp Gulls, and on those of the small native and introduced passerines.


Since their introduction the myna has become established mainly in the northern North Island in farmland, orchards, and suburban gardens. Its has been successful because it is opportunistic and aggressive towards other species, competing with them for food sources and nesting sites.


An adult myna measures 23cm - 26cm.

Year Introduced

Between 1870 and 1877.

Reason For Introduction

Acclimatisation Societies and private individuals either as a natural insecticide or the fact that people like their “attitude” and striking calls.

Colonisation History

Mynas were introduced to NZ, from the Indian subcontinent, by Acclimatisation Societies and private individuals. This occured between 1870 and 1877. Several hundred birds were released mainly to the South Island where they persisted until about 1890. They have also been taken to many other parts of the world. They are now also established in South Africa, Australia, and many Pacific islands including Fiji and Western Samoa.