Threats to geothermal vegetation

Geothermal vegetation has been significantly reduced and is still threatened by exploitation for energy production (thermal and hydro-electricity power generation, heating, and industrial uses), as well as land use changes such as urban and subdivision development,  farming, , forestry, golf courses, mining, wetland infilling and drainage, new roads, tourism, fire, animal pests, and pest plant invasion. 

Pest plants, particularly wild introduced conifers and other woody plants, are now a major threat at many sites. Restoration and management of threats is a key component of management to protect the indigenous character of these sites.  

For more information see*

  • Geothermal vegetation dynamics by Bruce Burns and John Leathwick (1995). Part 1:  Map of Geothermal Vegetation of the Te Kopia Scenic Reserve.  Part 2: Plant species organisation along major environmental gradients.  Science for Conservation 18. Department of Conservation, Wellington.  26pp 
  • Given D.R. 1995:  Geothermal Vegetation – an assessment of botanical values of selected geothermal  sites in the Taupo Volcanic Zone.  David Given and Associates, Christchurch.
  • Merrett M.F. Clarkson B.R. 1999:  Definition, description and illustrations of geothermally influenced terrestrial and emergent wetland vegetation.  Landcare Research Contract Report: LC9900/022.

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This page last updated on 7 Nov 2012