Lindsaea trichomanoides


Lindsaea: Named after John Lindsay, 19th century British surgeon who discovered fern spore
trichomanoides: fern-like

Current Conservation Status

2012 - Not Threatened

Conservation status of New Zealand indigenous vascular plants, 2012
The conservation status of all known New Zealand vascular plant taxa at the rank of species and below were reassessed in 2012 using the New Zealand Threat Classification System (NZTCS). This report includes a statistical summary and brief notes on changes since 2009 and replaces all previous NZTCS lists for vascular plants. Authors: Peter J. de Lange, Jeremy R. Rolfe, Paul D. Champion, Shannel P. Courtney, Peter B. Heenan, John W. Barkla, Ewen K. Cameron, David A. Norton and Rodney A. Hitchmough. File size: 792KB

Previous Conservation Status

2009 - Not Threatened
2004 - Not Threatened


Lindsaea trichomanoides Dryand.



Flora Category

Vascular - Native

NVS Species Code


The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database.

Structural Class



Lindsaea cuneata (G. Forst.) C.Chr.; Lindsaea cuneata var. lessonii (Bory) C.Chr.; Lindsaea trichomanoides var. lessoni (Bory) Hook.f.; Lindsaea lessonii Bory in Duperrey; Schizoloma trichomanoides (Dryand.) Kuhn; Adiantum cuneatum G.Forst.; Adiantum trichomanoides (Dryand.) Poir.


Indigenous. New Zealand: North, South, and Stewart Islands. Also Australia. Common from Te Paki south and west throughout the North Island (less common in the east);in the South Island confined to the Marlborough Sounds and west coast of the South Island.


Coastal to montane. Usually in closed forest (sometimes in scrub) often growing in relatively open sites on the forest floor, in leaf litter or amongst Uncinia spp. (especially U. banksii, U. distans and U. filiformis).


Terrestrial, tufted fern. Rhizome short- to long-creeping, to 1.5 mm diameter; scales narrowly triangular, reddish brown. Fronds monomorphic, erect and stiff. Stipes clustered or more widely spaced, shorter to longer than lamina, glossy, reddish brown to dark brown. Lamina 100-280 × 30-68 mm, 1-2-pinnate-pinnatifid, lanceolate to triangular-oblong,herbaceous. Pinnae oblong-deltoid or oblong-lanceolate, variously dissected, 4-10 mm long; pinnules flabellate-spathulate, asymmetric, often erose. Upper pinnae and pinnules gradually reduced and confluent. Veins free, simple to 3× forked. Sori mostly on 1-4 vein endings; indusium 0.3-0.5 mm wide, subentire. Spores trilete. Description from Kramer & McCarthy (1998).

Similar Taxa

Easily distinguished from the two other New Zealand species of Lindsaea by the terrestrial habit (not rheophytic like L. viridis), by the broader, bipinnate fronds with round ended ultimate segments.


N.A. - Spore producing

Flower Colours

No Flowers


N.A. - Spore producing

Propagation Technique

Difficult - should not be removed from the wild


Not Threatened

Chromosome No.

2n = 84, 86

Endemic Taxon


Endemic Genus


Endemic Family


Where To Buy

Not commercially available.



Fact sheet prepared for NZPCN by P.J. de Lange (Updated 4 May 2011)

References and further reading

Kramer, K.U.; McCarthy, P.M. 1998: Lindsaeaceae. Flora of Australia 48: 228-240.

This page last updated on 20 Dec 2013